Volkswagen golf tdi

Volkswagen golf tdi DEFAULT
  • Volkswagen has released some details for the Golf GTD, a diesel version of the eighth-generation Golf GTI.
  • The GTD will have a 2.0-liter turbocharged diesel engine with 197 horsepower.
  • The GTD is unlikely to make it to the U.S. market because Volkswagen's last attempt to sell diesel-powered cars here ended in billions of dollars in fines and class-action lawsuits.

If you are an American and not a commercial truck driver or coal-rolling enthusiast, your experience with diesel-powered vehicles may be limited to a dim memory of a drawn-out scandal in which Volkswagen admitted to building cheats into its diesel cars so that they would pass emissions tests. As a result, the CEOs of the Volkswagen Group and Volkswagen USA resigned, and the company agreed to pay billions of dollars to settle a class-action lawsuit and spend billions more building electric vehicle infrastructure in the United States.

After all that, it may come as a surprise that Volkswagen was planning to launch a diesel version of its eight-generation Golf GTI called the GTD at the now-cancelled Geneva Motor Show. But despite diesel's problems in the U.S. market, it remains an important part of VW's global portfolio. Volkswagen has said that diesels accounted for 43 percent of sales in Germany and 27 percent of global sales to private customers in 2018. So even as the European Union tightens emissions restrictions, diesel seems like a good bet for Volkswagen.


This particular diesel-powered Volkswagen Golf GTD will be based on the eighth-generation Golf and Golf GTI. The new Golf is slightly meaner-looking than before, with squinty-eyed LED headlights and sharper sheetmetal creases. GTI, GTD, and GTE (an plug-in-hybrid variant of the GTI) models have an open honeycomb grille with the fog lights integrated into the honeycomb pattern as if it were a Lite Brite. A strip of silver brightwork just below the front edge of the hood will distinguish the GTD from the GTI's red and the GTE's silver trim pieces.

Inside, the GTD's seats will retain the plaid pattern that has long been a cornerstone of GTI design. Sadly, the golf ball-patterned shift knob has given way to a sleeker but less charming electronic shift lever in all but the manual-transmission GTI.


The GTD's 2.0-liter turbo-diesel engine makes 197 horsepower and 295 lb-ft of torque It comes standard with a 7-speed dual-clutch automatic transmission and a new series catalytic converter system which injects a urea solution into the exhaust at two different points to reduce nitrogen oxide emissions. Volkswagen also promises high fuel efficiency and a long driving range.

The GTD and GTI will be on sale in Europe later this year. We expect the new GTI to make its way to the U.S. market late in 2021, but the introduction of a GTD or any other diesel-powered passenger car from Volkswagen is extremely unlikely.

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VW Golf TDI Sets Record of 81 MPG

Photo courtesy of VW.

Volkswagen's 2015 Golf TDI clean-diesel compact car reached 81.17 mpg on a trip across 48 states on its way to setting a Guinness World Records achievement for non-hybrid fuel economy.

Drivers traveled 8,233.5 miles in 16 days and spent $294.98 on 101.43 gallons of Shell Diesel fuel during the trip. The previous record was 77.99 mpg, and the hybrid record is 74.34 mpg, according to a VW release.

The Golf TDI left Volkswagen of America’s headquarters in Herndon, Va., on June 22 and returned on July 7 after visiting all of the contiguous states.

Wayne Gerdes, automotive journalist and founder of, was the primary driver. His co-driver was Bob Winger, an electronics engineer long involved in energy and conservation projects. Gerdes is an expert hypermiler who has set mileage records in more than 100 vehicles, according to Volkswagen.

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We’ve put high tech well within reach.

With driver-focused media and a touchscreen display and a variety of standard and available driver assistance features, the Golf has a suite of convenient tech features at your fingertips.

Touchscreen sound system.

The sleek glass display with a touchscreen sound system makes selecting the perfect song easy to see, so you don’t have to miss a beat.

Consider yourself connected.

VW Car-Net Hotspot can turn your car into a Wi-Fi Hotspot, allowing your passengers to stream on up to four devices.

Keyless access lets you lock, unlock, start, and drive your car without ever having to take your keys out of your pocket. Press the brake and push the start button, and your engine’s running and ready for action.

Stream your favorite songs, playlists, podcasts, and talk radio using Bluetooth® technology and your compatible device to get in your groove.

From Driver Assistance features to Volkswagen Car-Net® we offer technology designed to help make you feel more confident.

Blind Spot Monitor

The Blind Spot Monitor is a feature that can sense what you might miss. If you attempt to change lanes, Blind Spot Monitor can help alert you to other cars that may be in your blind spot.

Take your apps for a ride.

Filthy/Dirty Car Detail ep#17 Detailing a Filthy VW Golf TDI

Volkswagen Golf

Small family car manufactured by Volkswagen

Not to be confused with Volkswagen Gol.

Motor vehicle

The Volkswagen Golf (About this soundlisten (help·info)) is a compact car/small family car (C-segment) produced by the German automotive manufacturer Volkswagen since 1974, marketed worldwide across eight generations, in various body configurations and under various nameplates – including as the Volkswagen Rabbit in the United States and Canada (Mk1 and Mk5), and as the Volkswagen Caribe in Mexico (Mk1).

The original Golf Mk1 was a front-engined, front-wheel drive replacement for the air-cooled, rear-engined, rear-wheel drive Volkswagen Beetle. Historically, the Golf is Volkswagen's best-selling model and is among the world's top three best-selling models, with more than thirty million built as of June 2013.[1][2]

Initially, most Golfs were 3-door hatchbacks.[3] Other variants include a 5-door hatchback, estate (Variant, from 1993), convertible (Cabriolet and Cabrio, 1979–2002, Cabriolet, 2011–present), and a Golf-based saloon, called the Volkswagen Jetta, Volkswagen Vento (from 1992) or Volkswagen Bora (from 1999). The Golf has crossed from economy to high-performance market segments.

The Golf has won awards, including the World Car of the Year in 2009, with the Volkswagen Golf Mk6 and in 2013 with the Volkswagen Golf Mk7. Along with the Renault Clio and the Vauxhall Astra, the Golf is one of only three cars to have won European Car of the Year twice, in 1992 and 2013.[4][5] The Volkswagen Golf has made the annual Car and Driver 10Best list multiple times. The Golf Mk7 won the Motor Trend Car of the Year award in 2015, and the Mk1 GTI also won the award in 1985. The Golf Mk4 won for the best selling car in Europe in 2001.

First generation (Mk1/A1, Typ 17; 1974)[edit]

Main article: Volkswagen Golf Mk1

Volkswagen Golf 3-door (Europe)

In May 1974,[6] Volkswagen presented the first-generation Golf as a modern front-wheel-drive, long-range replacement for the Volkswagen Beetle. Later Golf variations included the Golf GTI (introduced in June 1976 with a fuel-injected 1.6-litre engine capable of 180 km/h (110 mph)), a diesel-powered version (from September 1976), the Jettanotchback saloon version (from October 1979), the Volkswagen Golf Cabriolet (from January 1980 through 1994) and a Golf-based van, the Volkswagen Caddy.

The Golf Mk1 was sold as the Volkswagen Rabbit in the United States and Canada and as the Volkswagen Caribe in Mexico.

A facelifted version of the Golf Mk1 was produced in South Africa as the Citi Golf from 1984 to 2009.[7]

Second generation (Mk2/A2, Typ 19E/1G; 1983)[edit]

Main article: Volkswagen Golf Mk2

September 1983 saw the introduction of the second-generation Golf (Mk2) that grew slightly in terms of wheelbase, exterior and interior dimensions, while retaining, in a more rounded form, the Mk1's overall look. Although it was available on the home market and indeed most other left-hand drive markets by the end of 1983, it was not launched in the UK until March 1984.

The Mk2 GTI featured a 1.8-litre 8-valve fuel-injected engine from its launch, with a 16-valve version capable of more than 220 km/h (137 mph) being introduced in 1985.

In 1985, the first Golfs with four-wheel-drive (Golf Syncro) went on sale with the same Syncro four-wheel-drive system being employed on the supercharged G60 models, exclusively released in continental Europe in 1989 with 120 kW (161 hp; 163 PS) and anti-lock brakes (ABS).

A Mk2-based second generation Jetta was unveiled in January 1984. There was no Mk2-based cabriolet model; instead, the Mk1 Cabriolet was continued over the Mk2's entire production run.

Third generation (Mk3/A3, Typ 1H/1E/1V; 1991)[edit]

Volkswagen Golf CL (Australia)

Main article: Volkswagen Golf Mk3

The third-generation Golf (Mk3) made its home-market debut in August 1991 and again grew slightly in comparison with its immediate predecessor, while its wheelbase remained unchanged.

New engines included the first Turbocharged Direct Injection (TD) diesel engine in a Golf, and a narrow-angle 2.8-litre VR6 engine. US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) fuel consumption estimates are 9.0 L/100 km (31 mpg‑imp; 26 mpg‑US) (city) and 7.4 L/100 km (38 mpg‑imp; 32 mpg‑US) (highway), with 420 km (261 mi) per tank (city) and 584 km (363 mi) per tank (highway). For the first time ever, a Golf estate (Golf Variant) joined the line-up in September 1993 (although most markets did not receive this model until early 1994). At the same time, a completely new Mk3-derived Cabriolet was introduced, replacing the 13-year-old Mk1-based version with one based on the Mk3 Golf platform from 1995 to early 1999. The Mk3 Golf Cabrio received a Mk4-style facelift in late 1999 and was continued until 2002.

The notchback version, called VW Vento (or Jetta in North America), was presented in January 1992.

It was European Car of the Year for 1992, ahead of the new Citroën ZX and General Motors' new Opel Astra model.

The Mk3 continued to be sold until 1999 in the United States, Canada and parts of South America, also in Mexico as a special edition called "Mi" (basically a Golf CL 4-door with added air conditioning, special interior, original equipment (OEM) black-tinted rear brake lights, and anti-lock brakes (ABS), but without a factory-fitted radio). The "i" in "Mi" is coloured red, which designates that multi-point fuel injection was equipped and the 1.8-litre engine was upgraded to 2.0-litres. Heated seats were offered on all trims.

Fourth generation (Mk4/A4, Typ 1J; 1997)[edit]

Volkswagen Golf 2.0 Generation (Australia)

Main article: Volkswagen Golf Mk4

The Golf Mk4 was first introduced in August 1997, followed by a notchback version (VW Bora or, in North America, again VW Jetta) in August 1998 and a new Golf Variant (estate) in March 1999. There was no Mk4-derived Cabriolet, although the Mk3 Cabriolet received a facelift in late 1999 that consisted of bumpers, grill and headlights similar to those of the Mark IV models.

As with the earlier three versions of the Golf, the UK market receive each version several months later than the rest of Europe. The hatchback version was launched there in the spring of 1998 and the estate some 12 months later (around the same time as the Bora).

New high-performance models included the 3.2-litre VR6-engined four-wheel-drive Golf "R32" introduced in 2002, its predecessor, the 2.8-litre VR6-engined "Golf V6 4Motion" (succeeding the 2.9-litre Mk3 "Golf VR6Syncro"), as well as the famous 1.8T (turbo) 4-cylinder used in various Volkswagen Group models.

As of 2008, certain variants of the Golf/Bora Mk4 were still in production in Brazil, China, and Mexico. Revised versions of the Mk4 were sold in Canada marketed as the Golf City and Jetta City from 2007 to 2010. The two models were VW Canada's entry-level offerings. They received a significant refresh for the 2008 model year, including revised headlamps, taillamps, front and rear fascias, sound systems, and wheels. Both models were offered only with the 2.0-litre, 8-valve single over-head cam (SOHC) four-cylinder gasoline engine, rated at 86 kW (115 hp; 117 PS). They were the only entry-level offerings with an optional six-speed automatic transmission. Production of the European variant of the Golf Mk4 ceased at the end of the 2006 model year. Production of the U.S. version ended in 2006.

When the Chinese market Bora received a July 2006 facelift, the Golf did too, becoming the "Bora HS" in the process.

The Mk4 was produced in Brazil until 2013.

Fifth generation (Mk5/A5, Typ 1K; 2003)[edit]

Volkswagen Golf Comfortline (Australia)

Main article: Volkswagen Golf Mk5

The Golf Mk5 was introduced in Europe in the autumn of 2003, reaching the UK market in early 2004. In North America, Volkswagen brought back the Rabbit nameplate when it introduced the vehicle in 2006. In Canada, the Golf is still the prevalent nameplate of the fifth generation (though both Rabbit and Golf have both been used historically). The North American base model is powered by a 2.5-litre five-cylinder engine, which produced 112 kW (150 hp; 152 PS) in 2006 and 2007, but was upped to 127 kW (170 hp; 173 PS) in the later models. A GTI version is powered by a turbocharged version of the 2.0-litre FSI engine, producing 147 kW (197 hp; 200 PS).

Volkswagen also introduced the "Fast" marketing campaign for the US, "dedicated to the 'fast' that lives inside every driver," with a spirit totem character illustrating the concept and purchasers of the GTI Mk5 receiving a plastic figurine of the Fast.[8] The GTI version is the only version on sale in Mexico.

The saloon/sedan version, again widely marketed Volkswagen as the Jetta, is assembled in Germany, South Africa, as well as Mexico. It is marketed in certain markets, including European markets and Mexico as Bora. It was followed in 2007 by a new Golf Variant. The front ends of the car are the same, with the only difference being that the GLI is a sedan, while the GTI is a hatchback.

Later models of the Mk5 introduced the 1.4-litre TSI turbocharged petrol engine with front-wheel drive.

In a comparison test conducted by Car and Driver Magazine, the Rabbit won vs eight small cars. It was praised for its driving position, instruments, and engine; and was criticized for road noise, seating, and poor fuel economy. The Rabbit also placed first in their final comparison in December 2006.

Sixth generation (Mk6/A6, Typ 5K; 2008)[edit]

Main article: Volkswagen Golf Mk6

Volkswagen Golf TDI (United Kingdom)

Volkswagen based the Golf Mk6 on the existing PQ35 platform from the Golf Mk5.[9] This vehicle was debuted at the 2008 Paris Motor Show.[10]

The Mk6 Golf was designed by Volkswagen's chief designer Walter de'Silva. The design is said to be more aerodynamic, helping fuel efficiency, and is quieter than its predecessor. Following criticism of the downgraded interior trim quality of the Mk5 Golf in comparison to the Mk4, Volkswagen opted to overhaul the interior to match the quality with the Mk4 Golf, while maintaining the same user friendliness from the Mk5. The car is also cheaper to build than its predecessor; Volkswagen claims it consequently will be able to pass these savings on to the customer.[11]

The Mk6 Jetta was released in Mexico in mid-2010, and by late 2011 it was available in all markets. Turbocharged Direct Injectiondiesel engines which uses common rail injection technology replaced the longstanding Pumpe Düse (PD) Unit Injector system. New on the Golf is the optional Volkswagen Adaptive Chassis Control (not available in the North American market), which allows the driver to select between 'normal', 'comfort' and 'sports' modes, which will vary the suspension, steering and accelerator behavior accordingly.[12]

The Mk6 Golf is available with both 5- and 6-speed manual transmission, and 6- or 7-speed Direct-Shift Gearbox (DSG)(with Dual Clutch) transmission options. In North America, the Mk5 version was originally sold as the Rabbit from 2006 to 2009. In 2010, Volkswagen brought back the Golf nameplate with the mid-cycle refresh. With it came a 130 kW (174 hp; 177 PS), 2.5-litre inline 5-cylinder with 240 N·m (177 lb·ft) of torque and a 2.0-litre, 100 kW (134 hp; 136 PS) turbocharged inline 4-cylinder clean diesel engine that generates 320 N·m (236 lb·ft) of torque. The GTI version is equipped with a 157 kW (211 hp; 213 PS) turbocharged inline 4-cylinder TSI gasoline engine while the Golf R has a 191 kW (256 hp; 260 PS) turbocharged TFSI inline 4 engine. All three engines can be paired with a DSG dual-clutch 6-speed automatic or 6-speed manual transmission in either a 3- or 5-door configuration.

The car was introduced for sale in the UK in January 2009,[13] and in North America in October 2009 as the 2010 Golf, rather than Rabbit.[14] The Mk6 also reintroduced a diesel engine option to the North American market.[15]

The Volkswagen Golf Mk6 was a 2012 Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) Top Safety Pick.[16]

Seventh generation (Mk7, Typ 5G; 2012)[edit]

Main article: Volkswagen Golf Mk7

Volkswagen Golf 1.4 TSI BlueMotion (Germany; pre-facelift)

The seventh-generation Golf had its debut in September 2012 at the Paris Motor Show.[17]

The Golf VII, Typ 5G[18] uses the new MQB platform, shared with the third-generation Audi A3, SEAT León and Škoda Octavia. It is slightly larger than the Mk6 while managing to be approximately 100 kg lighter, depending on engine choice. The GTI will offer a 154 kW (207 hp; 209 PS) turbocharged 2.0-litre four-cylinder with an available performance pack to raise the output to 162 kW (217 hp; 220 PS).[19] The Golf R now has a 218 kW (292 hp; 296 PS) turbocharged 2.0-litre four-cylinder with Haldex Traction all-wheel-drive.

A version of the GTI dubbed the GTI Clubsport making 195 kW (261 hp; 265 PS) was released in 2016. A variant of the Clubsport called the Clubsport S held the record for the fastest front-wheel-drive car around the Nürburgring, until the 2017 Honda Civic Type-R took the record once again.

The Golf line is available in all the relevant drive systems: the Golf TSI, including GTI, is petrol-powered; Golf TDI diesel (Turbo Direct Injection), including GTD, is diesel-powered; the Golf TGI is powered by compressed natural gas (CNG); the e-Golf is powered by electricity; and the Golf GTE is a plug-in hybrid. The use of a modular transverse matrix assembly kit enables the manufacturing of Golf models with gasoline, diesel, natural gas, electric and hybrid drives from bumper to bumper at Volkswagen factories.[20]

In November 2016, Volkswagen revealed a facelifted version (Golf 7.5) to the 3-door hatchback, 5-door hatchback, 5-door estate, GTI and GTE, in addition to a new "R-Line" Golf. With those models, comes a new economical engine: 1.5-litre TSI EVO which produces 97 kW (130 hp; 132 PS) or 110 kW (148 hp; 150 PS) and replaces the 1.4-litre TSI. The updated GTI version now features a 230 hp as standard (220 hp previously) or 247 hp in the optional performance pack (230 hp previously). In terms of interior technology, the Golf now features a 12.3" TFT display as an option that is similar to Audi models and known as "Virtual Cockpit", full LED lights, animated tail indicators as an option (also used in Audi models), etc.

The most powerful Golf in the range is the Golf R. Built as a 3 or 5 door hatchback, it is powered by a newly developed version of the 1,984 cc (2.0 L; 121.1 cu in) turbochargedEA888petrol FSIInline-four engine used in the latest Golf GTI (and Audi S3), but in this application producing 300 PS (296 bhp; 221 kW) (206 kW (280 PS; 276 bhp) for "hot climate" markets such as Australia,Japan, USA) from 5,500 to 6,200 rpm and 380 N⋅m (280 lb⋅ft) from 1,800 to 5,500 rpm of torque.[21] 0-62 mph (100 km/h) takes 5.1 seconds (versus 5.7 seconds for previous Golf R), or 4.9 seconds with optional DSG gearbox. In 3rd-party testing, it has been recorded at 4.5 seconds using Launch Control. The top speed is electronically limited to 155 mph (249 km/h).

Volkswagen produced a "Rabbit Edition" GTI for the 2019 model year. Only 3,000 were produced for the US market: 1000 in Cornflower Blue, 1000 in Urano Gray, 500 in Black, and 500 in White, all split evenly between DSG automatic and 6 speed manual transmissions. The Rabbit Edition featured a LED lighting package, "Vmax" spoiler, 18-inch "Pretoria" alloy wheels painted in gloss black, no sunroof, and clark plaid seats with red tags embroidered with the VW Rabbit logo.[22]

Eighth generation (Mk8, CD1; 2019)[edit]

Volkswagen Golf Style 1.5 TSI

Main article: Volkswagen Golf Mk8

The Mk8 Golf was revealed on 24 October 2019 in Wolfsburg.

It rides on an updated version of the MQB platform, with engine options consisting of compact petrol, diesel and hybrid powertrains. At launch, the five-door hatchback was the only model available, with the three-door hatchback having been discontinued due to poor sales. The Golf VIII's interior receives a major overhaul with an entirely digital driver's display and digital control panel. All Mk8's have advanced safety features available such as travel assist, Car2X and an oncoming vehicle while braking function, the latter two of which are the first to be used on a production Volkswagen model.

Powertrain options now have three eTSI mild-hybrid and two eHybrid plug-in hybrid engines in addition to existing TSI petrol, TDI diesel and TGI compressed natural gas (CNG) options. All TSI engines with an output up to 130 PS feature the efficient TSI Miller combustion process and a turbocharger with variable turbocharger geometry, and the 1.5 litre engines have temporary Active Cylinder Management. eTSI models use a 12 V vehicle electrical system and 48 V belt starter generator driven by the 48 V lithium-ion battery, whereas eHybrid models have a 13 kWh lithium-ion battery capable of running in EV mode. TDI models utilize a new twin dosing SCR system featuring dual AdBlue selective catalytic reduction, which lowers nitrogen oxide emissions (NOx) up to 80% compared to the Mk7. Performance models consist of the GTE, GTI, GTD, and Golf R. The GTE and GTI produce 180 kW (240 hp; 240 PS), the GTD produces 147 kW (197 hp; 200 PS), while the R produces 235 kW (315 hp; 320 PS) The e-Golf previously offered on the Mk7 has been replaced by the ID.3.

Electric versions[edit]

See also: Electric vehicle and plug-in electric vehicle

The VW Golf has had several generations made into electric CityStromer models. The first of these was in the 1970s, when VW took a standard Golf Mk1 and converted it to electric power. By the time the Golf Mk2 came into production a limited number of electric Golfs were made, using lead–acid battery packs and a custom-made motor and controller[citation needed]. VW continued with the production of limited numbers of CityStromer electric cars with the introduction of the Golf Mk3. The electric CityStromer Mk3 included a Siemens-based AC drive system, and lead–acid battery packs. They had a maximum speed of 97 km/h (60 mph) and a range of approximately 80 km (50 mi).[23] With a few exceptions, only left-hand drive Golfs were converted by VW into Citystromer models. These vehicles are still used today and have popularity in mainland Europe with only a few present in Great Britain. Only two right-hand drive Mk2 CityStromers were built for the UK market and it is believed only one remains today. It is owned by EV advocate and broadcaster Nikki Gordon-Bloomfield, host of Transport Evolved.[24]

Golf Variant Twin Drive[edit]

As part of the "Fleet study in electric mobility" project that began in 2008, VW developed 20 Golf Variant twinDRIVE plug-in hybrid electric vehicles. These research vehicles have an all-electric range of 57 km (35 mi) and the internal combustion engine provides for a total range of 900 km (559 mi). The plug-in hybrid drive of the Golf Variant twinDRIVE is equipped with either an 11.2 kWh or a 13.2 kWh lithium-ion battery pack, as Volkswagen is testing packs from two vendors. Ten vehicles are equipped with batteries from the American-German manufacturer GAIA with cathode type nickel cobalt aluminium dioxide (NCA). The other ten are powered by lithium-ion batteries with nickel manganese cobalt (NMC) cathodes from the Korean-German joint venture SB LiMotive (Samsung and Bosch). These 10 vehicles have been in use since early 2011. Both battery systems offer high power and energy density. They each weigh about 150 kg. The gasoline engine is used to support the electric heating system when outdoor temperatures are low.[25]

Using guidelines for determining the fuel consumption of plug-in hybrids, VW estimates a fuel consumption of 2.1 L/100 km (112 mpg US), which is equivalent to 49 g/km CO2. When the battery is fully charged, the Golf Variant twinDRIVE is designed to maximize the share of pure electrical energy used for driving, and only when longer distances are driven does the share of supplemental gasoline fuel increase. Top speed of the car is 170 km/h (106 mph) and it accelerates to 100 km/h (62 mph) in under 12 seconds. When operated in pure electric mode, the Golf Variant twinDRIVE can reach a top speed of 120 km/h (75 mph).[25]

The production version was expected to be based on Mk6 Golf featuring a 1.5 L turbodiesel engine and electric motor, with estimated arrival date of 2015.[26] A SEAT León prototype with the Twin Drive system was also under development.[citation needed]

Volkswagen e-Golf[edit]

Golf blue-e-motion concept electric motor.
Ambox current red Americas.svg

This section needs to be updated. Please help update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information.(November 2019)

The Golf blue-e-motion concept has a range of 150 km (93 mi).[27] Volkswagen scheduled a field testing program with 500 units to begin in 2011.[28][29] The first 10 units began field testing in Wolfsburg in May 2011.[30] A second batch of 80 test cars began testing in June 2011 in Berlin, Hannover and Wolfsburg.[31] In February 2012, the first e-Golf, as the production version was renamed, was delivered in Belmont, California. A total of 20 e-Golfs were allocated to the U.S. field testing program.[32]

The Golf blue-emotion concept has a 26.5 kWh lithium-ion battery pack and is powered by an 85 kW electric motor which drives the front wheels through a single speed transmission. It will accelerate to 100 km/h (62 mph) in 11.8 seconds and has a top speed of 138 km/h (86 mph).[31]Paddle shifters are used to adjust the amount of regenerative braking. The vehicle's PRNDL stick has an additional 'B' mode as found on some other electric vehicles to set the regenerative braking effort to the maximum for sustained downhill travelling.[citation needed]

Production version

The production version of the 2015 Volkswagen e-Golf was unveiled at the 2013 Frankfurt Motor Show.[33] According to VW the e-Golf has a practical all-electric range of 130 to 190 km (81 to 118 mi), with an official NEDC cycle of 190 km (120 mi), and the winter range is expected to be 80 to 120 km (50 to 75 mi).[34] The 2015 e-Golf has an official EPA rated all-electric range of 134 km (83 mi), and a combined fuel economy of 116 miles per gallon gasoline equivalent (MPGe) for an energy consumption of 29 kW-hrs/100 mi. The EPA rating for city driving is 126 MPGe and 105 MPGe in highway.[35] Production of vehicles destined for retail customers began in March 2014.[36]

For the 2017 model year, the e-Golf received an update, which included improved range, better fuel economy, and more power than the outgoing model. With a new 35.8 kWh lithium-ion battery, the upgraded car is said to achieve an EPA-estimated range of 144 to 201 km (89 to 125 mi), and have a combined 119 MPGe. The 2017 e-Golf also provides a faster charging time; SE and SEL Premium trim levels have a 7.2 kW unit that allows the battery to be fully charged in under six hours at a 240 V charging station. There is an optional (standard on SEL Premium) DC Fast Charging feature that allows the car to be charged to 80% in only an hour at a DC fast charging station.[37]

Markets and sales

On 14 February 2014, Volkswagen launched sales of the e-Golf in Germany, with pricing starting at €34,900 (~US$47,800).[34] On 11 March 2014, Volkswagen opened ordering for the e-Golf in the UK, and announced pricing of GB£30,845.[38] UK deliveries began at the end of June.[39]

In Norway, the e-Golf became available for pre-order on 25 February 2014 for delivery in June 2014. Over 1,300 cars were ordered that same day.[40] By 3 March 2014, nearly 2,000 cars had been pre-ordered.[41] Prices range from 251,800 kr (~US$42,000) for the basic model to 302,000 kr (~US$50,000) with all available options,[42] comparable to the cheapest petrol and diesel models.[43] The basic package includes equipment which is optional in other countries, such as a DAB+ radio receiver, heated front seats and a heated windshield.[citation needed] The VW e-Golf was the top selling plug-in electric car in July 2014 with 391 units sold and representing 34.4% of the Golf nameplate sales (1,136), which was Norway's top selling new car that month.[44][45] The e-Golf was again the top selling electric car in August 2014 with 467 units sold, representing 43.4% of the Golf nameplate sales that month (1,075). In two months and a half a total of 925 Volkswagen e-Golf cars have been sold in Norway, surpassing initial Tesla Model S sales which delivered 805 units during its first two months in the Norwegian market.[46][47] European sales totaled 3,328 units in 2014.[48]

The 2015 e-Golf did not have a liquid-cooled battery pack because strict testing showed high ambient temperatures did not affect battery performance.[49] U.S. sales were slated to start on selected markets in November 2014 at a price for the SEL Premium model starting at US$35,445 before any applicable government incentives, plus US$820 destination and delivery.[50] However, the first delivery of an e-Golf actually happened on 31 October in California.[51] During the month of November 2014, the first full month of sales of the vehicle, Volkswagen of America sold 119 units,[52] and a total of 357 units were sold through December 2014.[53] In January 2015, the e-Golf started to show up at dealerships throughout the Northeast.[54]

Sales in Europe totaled 11,214 units in 2015.[48] The e-Golf, with 8,943 units sold, was the best-selling plug-in electric car in Norway in 2015, representing 34.7% of the plug-in segment sales, ahead of the Tesla Model S (4,039) and the Nissan Leaf (3,189).[55] The e-Golf variant represented 54.6% of total new VW Golf sales in Norway in 2015.[56] As of December 2015[update], a total of 19,131 units have been sold worldwide, with 14,542 in Europe[48][57] and 4,589 units in the U.S.[53]

Production of the e-Golf ended in December 2020.[58]

Volkswagen Golf GTE[edit]

See also: Volkswagen Passat GTE and Audi A3 Sportback e-tron

Volkswagen Golf GTE Sport at the IAA 2015

The Golf GTE is a plug-in hybrid version of the Golf hatchback unveiled at the 2014 Geneva Motor Show. The Golf GTE shares the basic powertrain hardware with the Audi A3 Sportback e-tron but the software controls are different.[59] The Golf GTE also shares the same plug-in hybrid powertrain with the Volkswagen Passat GTE, but the Passat has a larger 9.9 kWh Li-ion battery pack.[60]

The GTE Mark 7 generation was powered by a 1.4-litre 110 kW (148 hp) TSI direct-injection gasoline engine combined with a 75 kW (101 hp) electric motor, powered by a powered by a 400 V 8.8 kWhlithium-ion battery, for a total hybrid system power of around 153 kW (204 hp). The electric motor delivered a theoretical all-electric range of 50 km (31 mi) and the hybrid system a total theoretical range of 933 km (580 mi) (measured using NEDC). The all-electric mode can be activated at the push of a button. Under the New European Driving Cycle, combined fuel economy is 1.50 L/100 km (157 mpg‑US) equivalent (1.332 L/100 km (176.6 mpg‑US) in generation 8). The Golf GTE has a top speed of 210 km/h (130 mph) in the all-electric mode and accelerates from 0 to 100 km/h (0 to 62 mph) in under 7.6 seconds.[61]

In the Mark 8 generation, available from model year 2021, the electric motor power was increased to 81 kW (108 hp), the total system power to 180 kW (241 hp), the battery capacity to 13 kWh, and the all-electric range to 60 kilometers (measured using WLTP).[62] The fuel tank was diminished from 50 litres (10.6 gallons) to 40 litres (8.8 gallons).

The vehicle can be recharged from a Type 2 charging point in about 2 hours, or from a standard 230 V wall outlet in approximately 4 hours (6 hours for generation 8). In common with other plug-in hybrid vehicles, the vehicle may be used in pure electric mode, parallel-hybrid (petrol + electric) and range-extender mode (petrol engine recharging the high-voltage battery).

The GTE release to retail customers was scheduled for the fourth quarter of 2014.[20] The first units were registered in Germany in August 2014.[63] The Golf GTE, with 1,695 units sold, was the best-selling plug-in hybrid in France in 2015, representing 30.3% of the segment sales.[64] With 17,300 units sold in Europe in 2015, the Golf GTE ranked as the second top selling plug-in hybrid after the Mitsubishi Outlander P-HEV (31,214).[65] According to JATO Dynamics, a total of 18,397 units have been registered in Europe through December 2015.[65] The Golf GTE was temporarily discontinued in 2018, due to high demand leading to long lead times, according to Volkswagen.[66]


In auto racing, APR Motorsport has led two MKV VW GTI's to victory in the Grand-Am KONI Sports Car Challenge Street Tuner (ST) class.

Golf GTI[edit]

The Mk4 GTI at Donington Park.

The Golf GTI competed in the British GT Championship in 2003 with Steve Wood and Stuart Scott at the wheel.

Golf TCR and Golf GTI TCR[edit]

Volkswagen Motorsport, the motorsport division of the brand, built the Golf TCR touring car in 2015 for use in various international and national competitions which use TCR regulations.[67][68] In 2016 the car was updated and renamed Golf GTI TCR.

Volkswagen emissions scandal[edit]

Volkswagen Golfs are among the models included in the September 2015 Volkswagen emissions scandal in which Volkswagen manufactured and installed in their diesel vehicles a software program that manipulated the cars' vehicle emissions control during testing, thereby violating numerous countries' regulations.[69] The program caused the vehicles' nitrogen oxide (NO
x) output to meet US standards during regulatory testing but emit up to 40 times more NO
x in real-world driving.[70]

Awards and recognition[edit]


Calendar yearGolfGTIGolf Re-GolfGolf SportWagen/AlltrackTotal US sales
  1. ^ abIn 2020 Volkswagen grouped Golf Sportwagen sales together with other "discontinued models".
Year Sales Sales Rank
1999 2,807[88]N/A[88]
2000 3,674[88]47[88]
2001 5,767[89]36[89]
2002 4,809[89]43[89]
2003 6,467[90]35[90]
2004 5,920[90]41[90]
2005 9,311[91]31[91]
2006 9,643[91]33[91]
2007 11,029[92]32[92]
2008 11,632[92]26[92]
2009 12,141[93]24[93]
2010 15,425[93]15[93]
2011 18,682[94]11[94]
2012 18,112[94]12[94]
2013 17,342[95]13[95]
2014 19,178 10
2015 22,092 10

See also[edit]


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External links[edit]


Golf tdi volkswagen

Diesels used to be more eclectic than thrift shops in Portland. But diesels, like hipster culture, are beginning to blend into the mainstream. Walk up to the Golf TDI and almost nothing gives away its compression-ignition secret. The redesigned 2.0-liter turbo-diesel hums quietly, it idles no more loudly than some direct-injected four-cylinders, and it doesn’t smell like a diesel. A small TDI badge on the hatch and a low redline are the only telltales. But the difference between the gasoline and diesel versions becomes quite apparent if you forgo the optional automatic and stick with the standard manual transmission.

Drive the six-speed manual and the diesel’s characteristic torque and low-revving nature are impossible to ignore. There’s no lack of output, the engine is strong; a burly 236 lb-ft of torque starts shoving at 1750 rpm, and the 150-hp peak is reached at 3500 rpm. There’s a wait for the oomph when pulling away from a stop or at low speed, but the Golf surges ahead once boost builds.

The diesel’s deficit is that the power doesn’t stick around for very long. There’s little pull until the 1750-rpm torque peak and acceleration flattens out at about 4000 rpm. Slightly taller gearing compared with the gas model, helps extend the brief powerband, but you still find yourself working and concentrating on shifting to keep the engine in its short but sweet spot. The consolation is shift efforts are light, and the clutch operates with a smooth and easy motion. Opt for the $1100 dual-clutch automatic and all the shifting work is done for you, making the TDI feel quicker and less laborious in the process.

The auto-equipped oil-burner doesn’t just feel quicker than the manual, it is quicker thanks to a wider-ratio gearbox with shorter gearing in the lower cogs. Accelerating from zero to 60 mph, the manual takes 8.3 seconds to the automatic’s 7.8 seconds. But a TDI customer likely cares more about keeping the farmer’s-market tomatoes in the back from getting squashed than stomping the accelerator. Fuel economy is a far more important metric to these folks, possibly more important than determining whether the kale they just bought is locally sourced. According to the EPA, the manual diesel is rated at 31 mpg in the city and 45 on the highway (automatics nab an estimated 43 on the highway). Gas-turbo Golfs are EPA-rated at 25 mpg city and 37 highway with a manual and 25/36 with the six-speed automatic.

In 240 miles of highway and city driving, we managed 32 mpg, 2 mpg short of the number we hit with the automatic. The trip computer reported 38.9 mpg in the same period of time, but trip computers are usually very optimistic, which is why we perform an odometer calibration and measure fuel economy by how many gallons go into the car. Still, go easier on the acceleration than we did and the Golf’s fuel economy should rise into the mid-to-high-30s.

Aside from the surging power delivery and the roughly $1000 premium for the engine, little is sacrificed for the increased efficiency of the TDI version. We haven’t yet tested a 2015 Golf with the new 1.8-liter turbo gasoline engine yet, but we’re sure it would take many miles to recoup the diesel’s cost premium.

The new-generation Golf is fractionally larger than the previous version, and the cabin is more spacious and airy than before. The high-quality trim used throughout the Golf’s interior is good enough for an Audi. The vinyl-covered seats that will leave your back sweating aren’t Audi-nice, but they are supportive and provide a comfortable driving position. A firm yet compliant ride keeps all but the worst impacts at bay, even on the TDI SE’s standard 17-inch wheels. And the low-revving nature of the TDI helps keep the cabin luxury-car quiet. At 70 mph, a low 67 decibels reaches the driver’s ear.

In this latest generation, the Golf continues to climb out of the economy-car caste. It’s a solid small car with the imperturbable demeanor we usually associate with more upscale cars. The vinyl seats and badge might not have premium status, but the fit is tidy, the finishes are rich, and the design is traditional and serious. While interior space is generous, the Golf’s compact footprint remains a lot smaller than mid-size sedans such as the Honda Accord, the Toyota Camry, and the Ford Fusion. If a bigger car is what you want, Volkswagen will sell you a Passat TDI for the $28,005 as-tested price of our loaded Golf TDI SE. The base five-door Golf TDI opens at $22,815 and will rise all the way to the automatic TDI SEL which stickers at $29,915. There are larger cars to be had at those prices, but there aren’t any that are better appointed or more refined.


VEHICLE TYPE: front-engine, front-wheel-drive, 5-passenger, 5-door hatchback

PRICE AS TESTED: $28,005 (base price: $22,815)

ENGINE TYPE: turbocharged and intercooled DOHC 16-valve diesel inline-4, iron block and aluminum head, direct fuel injection

Displacement: 120 cu in, 1968 cc
Power: 150 hp @ 3500 rpm
Torque: 236 lb-ft @ 1750 rpm

TRANSMISSION: 6-speed manual

Wheelbase: 103.8 in
Length: 167.5 in
Width: 70.8 in Height: 57.2 in
Curb weight: 3191 lb

Zero to 60 mph: 8.3 sec
Zero to 100 mph: 25.7 sec
Zero to 110 mph: 34.4 sec
Rolling start, 5-60 mph: 9.2 sec
Top gear, 30-50 mph: 21.1 sec
Top gear, 50-70 mph: 11.0 sec
Standing ¼-mile: 16.6 sec @ 84 mph
Top speed (governor limited, C/D est): 125 mph
Braking, 70-0 mph: 183 ft
Roadholding, 300-ft-dia skidpad: 0.83 g

EPA city/highway: 31/45 mpg
C/D observed: 32 mpg


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